Located at the eastern tip of Shandong Peninsula , Weihai, a well- known port and tourist city in China ,is one of the coastal open cities and the first national Environmental City in China as well as one of the first national Model Cities for Environmental Protection.
Weihai covers an area of 5,436 square kilometers with a population of 2.47 million. The city proper has an area of 731 square kilometers with a population of 569,438.Weihai has the jurisdiction over three county-level cities of Rongcheng, Wendeng, Rushan and one district of Huancui.The population growth in 2004 was curbed effectively with the birth rate 6.23‰, death rate 7.27‰,and population natural rate of growth -1.04‰ . The household register total population of the whole city was 2.48 million at this year end, increased 7620 people compared to the last year, including non-agricultural population 1.14 million and agricultural population 1.35 million.
History of Weihai
About 7,000 years ago, there were inhabitants living in Weihai. In 1398,the Ming Dynasty stationed troops in Weihai which was called Weihaiwei.In 1898,Weihai became the concession of Britain. In October,1930, Weihai was regained and Weihaiwei Administrative Division was set up. In 1945,Weihaiwei City was set up which was renamed Weihai City after the establishment of the People Republic of China. In June,1987,Weihai City was approved to be the prefectural city by the State Council.
Climate & Surroundings
At Longitude 120°11′-122°42′ and latitude 36°41′-37°35′,Weihai exactly lies in the dividing line of the North and the South. The average temperature is 12℃,and the average precipitation is over 800 mm. With the four seasons distinctively different, Weihai enjoys an agreeable climate. Backed by the mountain and facing the sea, the urban area is endowed with the charming surroundings .The environmental quality indexes such as atmosphere ,water and noise have reached or surpassed the national standards ,which makes Weihai an ideal place for tourism ,summer resort and recuperation.
The coastal line of Weihai is 1,000 kilometers ,accounting for 1/3 of that in Shandong .There are 3 large fishing grounds along the coast ,which makes Weihai one of the largest fishing production bases in China. More than 300 kinds of aquatic products can be found in Weihai such as prawn, sea cucumber, abalone, shellfish, algae and fishes. There are more than 30 kinds of minerals can be mined such as gold ,iron ,copper and zinc. The high-quality granite has a large reserve in Weihai, and the granites with the name of Shidao Red, Wendeng White and Rushan Black have enjoyed good fame at home and abroad .
Weihai City is located in the east end of Shandong Peninsula.It has clear seasons and delightful weather; its environmental quality indexes, such as atmosphere quality, water quality and noises, are all up to the standards of China,which is the first " State Clean City",also the "State Gardens City" and "Model City in Environment Protection",a good place for tourism,summer vacation and health recuperation.
Weihai has beautiful surroundings with mountain and sea, and many relics. Its cleanliness and pleasant weather attract a lot of tourists and is a famous tourist city. In 1997, this city has received tourists from home and abroad up to 4.48 million and 80,000 million person-time respectively, ranking first in Shandong province.There are over tens of scenic spots in the city, of which Liugong Island with many State`s protected relics in memory of the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895. Chengshantou named as "The end of the sky" has a beautiful landscape, where the emperors of Qin and Han Dynasties visited and is the scenic spot at the State level. Kunyushan was called the Ancestor of Fairy Mountain on Sea in history.The scenic spot of Tiechashan is the birthplace of Quanzhenism branch of Taoism, and have many relics. Rongcheng Swan Lake is the largest winter habitat of swans in northern China.There are rich underground spring and more than 70 of natural sea bathing places, and also built four province-class tourist resorts,including Huancui, Rushan Beach,Shidao Bay of Rongcheng and Swan Lake.There are 56 hotels( one four-star, eleven three-star and seven two-star) with over 9,000 beds. The three cities and one district under its jurisdiction all have star hotels and 18 travel agencies including three international agencies and 15 domestic agencies.